Wednesday, January 23, 2013

Beef: Horse Meat January 2013 Lord Hansard U.K. follow up horse DNA found in some burgers

Beef: Horse Meat January 2013 Lord Hansard U.K. follow up horse DNA found in some burgers
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beef: Horse Meat



Mr Bradshaw: To ask the Secretary of State for Health whether inspections by the UK Food Safety and Food Standards Authorities routinely involve DNA testing to identify the contamination of foodstuffs. [138441]



Anna Soubry[holding answer 21 January 2013]: The analysis of food products using DNA-based methodology is an established technique and used routinely by United Kingdom official control laboratories and commercial laboratories. These tests are used most often to determine fish species in food products, and presence of genetically modified organisms. Six UK official control laboratories are able to analyse meat to determine whether it contains horse DNA using DNA-based methodology.



The DNA analysis method is only one of the analytical methods available to determine whether substitution of meat has taken place. Other analytical methods include ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immuno-absorbent Assays) testing kits that match proteins present in a food product with proteins present in known meat species.



Each year, local authorities carry out a substantial amount of sampling of meat identification to ensure that the meat species in meat products match the expectations of the label description. In 2012, at least 796 samples were tested for meat identification (testing for other meat species in meat products) as part of local authority risk-based sampling programmes. While some of the samples were found unsatisfactory, none had been tested for presence of horse meat.



Mr Bradshaw: To ask the Secretary of State for Health when he was informed about the sale of beef burgers on sale in Britain which were possibly contaminated with horse and pork meat; and what steps he has taken in response to this information. [138442]



Anna Soubry[holding answer 21 January 2013]: The Food Standards Agency (FSA) was notified by Food Safety Authority Ireland on 14 January that they were proposing to report on the analysis carried out into a number of meat products; including beef burgers, which revealed that some contained horse and pig DNA.



The FSA has launched an urgent investigation into this issue and are working closely with the Department for Environment; Food and Rural Affairs on this. A four-point plan has been published on the FSA website at:





Mr Bradshaw: To ask the Secretary of State for Health what steps he plans to take against those retailers who have sold inaccurately labelled meat products. [138473]



Anna Soubry[holding answer 21 January 2013]: The food businesses which the Food Safety Authority Ireland survey named as having sold inaccurately labelled products, are under investigation by local authority officers who are responsible for enforcing food composition and safety legislation. These investigations may lead to formal action.










16 January 2013



FSA investigation into horse DNA found in some burgers



The Food Standards Agency is investigating urgently how a number of beef products on sale in the UK and Republic of Ireland came to contain some traces of horse and pig DNA.


The Food Safety Authority of Ireland reported yesterday (Tuesday, 15 January) that an analysis they carried out into the authenticity, or labelling accuracy, of a number of burger products revealed that some contained horse and pig DNA.


In particular, 27 beefburger products were analysed, with 10 of the 27 products (37%) testing positive for horse DNA and 23 (85%) testing positive for pig DNA. In nine of the ten beefburger samples, horse DNA was found at very low levels. In one sample from Tesco, the level of horse DNA indicated that horse meat was present and accounted for approximately 29% of the total meat content of the burger.


All of the retailers involved so far have removed potentially affected products from their shelves.


The FSA has been in contact overnight with the retailers and producers named in the FSAI survey and has called a meeting this afternoon with a wider range of food industry representatives to discover the extent of the potential problem and to investigate how this contamination might have occurred.











Thursday, January 5, 2012


Horse Meat, slaughter for consumption USA




snip...




Greetings,


for what it’s worth.


I am against horse slaughter for consumption or any other purpose i.e. fertilizer, plastic, fuel, etc.


I am against the use of primates in scientific studies. because arguments will always persist on proof of human relation from any given study. However, I am for Human use in place of Primates in these studies. I said it long ago. Death Row inmates. compensate the families and do the studies on these death row inmates. it could be the last good thing they ever do. just my opinion.


For horses, they should use the same policy they use in the USA for old diseased mad cows, i.e. SSS policy. shoot, shovel, and shut up. either bury them or incinerate them. again, just my opinion.


there is no humanity anymore $$$


It brings me to the old movie. how many times do old movies come true? strange...




'soyent green'.


see ;


Soylent Green is a 1973 dystopian science fiction movie depicting a future in which overpopulation lead to depleted resources, which in turn leads to widespread unemployment and poverty. Real fruit, vegetables, and meat are rare, commodities are expensive, and much of the population survives on processed food rations, including "soylent green" wafers.


The film overlays the science fiction and police procedural genres as it depicts the efforts of New York City police detective Robert Thorn (Charlton Heston) and elderly police researcher Sol Roth (Edward G. Robinson) to investigate the brutal murder of a wealthy businessman named William R. Simonson (Joseph Cotten). Thorn and Roth uncover clues which suggest that it is more than simply a bungled burglary.


snip...


After Roth dies, Thorn sneaks into the basement of the government-assisted suicide facility, where he sees corpses being loaded onto waste disposal trucks. He secretly hitches a ride on one of the trucks, which is driven to a heavily guarded waste disposal plant. Once inside the plant, Thorn sees how the corpses are processed into Soylent Green wafers. After Thorn escapes from the plant and heads for the supreme exchange with the information, he is ambushed by Fielding and several other gunmen. In the shootout, Thorn kills some of the gunmen, but is himself wounded. He retreats into a cathedral filled with homeless people. After a desperate fight, Thorn stabs and kills Fielding.


When police backup arrives, the seriously wounded and nearly hysterical Thorn confides to Hatcher the horrible secret behind Soylent Green and urges him to spread the word: "Soylent Green is people! We've got to stop them somehow!"






don’t believe me, were almost there ;







IN CONFIDENCE



SUSPECT BSE IN A HORSE



CYO BSE 1 9



IN CONFIDENCE



SUSPECT BSE IN A HORSE



The Parliamentary Secretary (Mr Maclean) will wish to be aware that, in making his differential diagnosis, a veterinary surgeon in the Reading area has included the possibility of BSE in a horse under his care. Although it is unlikely to be BSE, because of the symptoms exhibited the veterinarian believes that he cannot exclude the possibility. The case was brought to the notice of one of the veterinary staff at the CVL by the owner's veterinary surgeon and liaison is being maintained.


The horse in question is a five-year old eventing gelding which was purchased by the present owner about four months ago. Approximately two months after purchase the animal became a little apprehensive, developed mild nervous symptoms and became over-sensitive to noise. The nervous symptoms have increased and the horse is now practically impossible to ride. Investigations by the owner's private veterinary surgeon are continuing but it is likely that the animal will have to be destroyed.


If the horse should die or be destroyed, a full post-mortem examination will be required for insurance purposes and will probably be carried out at a non-Ministry laboratory. However, Mr Bradley of the Pathology Department, CVL, has informed the private veterinary surgeon that he is willing to provide a second opinion on the brain histology if requested.


I will keep the Parliamentary Secretary informed of any further developments in the case.


I CRAWFORD


14 May 1990


Mr M P H Hill, PS/Parliamentary secretary (Mr Maclean) - by FAX


cc:


Private Offices


Mr K C Meldrum


Mrs E A J Attridge D J Evans Mr K C Taylor Mr R Lawson Mr R Bradley. CVL


(hand written notes i cannot read all (cut short) as follows...tss)


The Parliamentary Secretary (Mr Maclean was grateful for this. He said that we must keep very close to ...on it, and when the horse dies, or is put down we must be told immediately. He also feels it is very important that our veterinary staff be involved in the brain examination. .........(cannot read the rest .............TSS)


90/05.14/10.1










Mr A Huws Principal WOAD2A CP2




SUSPECT BSE IN A HORSE



You will wish to be aware that on Thursday afternoon 25 June the T/DVO Powys received a phone call from a veterinary Surgeon reporting his suspicion that a horse had ___contracted BSE after having been fed cattle cake___.


The clinical symptoms described were similar to those shown by cattle there ___being a similar case some months ago on the same premises___.


The owner' s name and address is:


Irene Thomas J Thomas & Company Riding Stables Penybryn Llangorse Brecon


The horse is a 12 year old gelding used for pony trekking.


By yesterday evening the horse was in a comatose state and on humane grounds was destroyed by the veterinary Surgeon. At his request a full post mortem and laboratory investigation will be carried out at the Carmarthen Veterinary Investigation Centre this morning to ascertain the exact cause; I have been told this will take at least two weeks. Charges to the veterinary Surgeon have been waived in this instance.


I will inform you immediately I receive a diagnosis.


26 June 1990


D SUMMERS DRVO


cc


Mr D R Williams, RVO


Mr A R Hunter, SVIO


90/06.26/10.1









Mr A Huws Principal WOAD2A CP2




SUSPECT BSE IN A HORSE




You will wish to be aware that on Thursday afternoon 25 June the T/DVO Powys received a phone call from a veterinary Surgeon reporting his suspicion that a horse had contracted BSE after having been fed cattle cake. The clinical symptoms described were similar to those shown by cattle there being a similar case some months ago on the same premises.


The owner' s name and address is:


Irene Thomas J Thomas & Company Riding Stables Penybryn Llangorse Brecon


The horse is a 12 year old gelding used for pony trekking.


By yesterday evening the horse was in a comatose state and on humane grounds was destroyed by the veterinary Surgeon. At his request a full post mortem and laboratory investigation will be carried out at the Carmarthen Veterinary Investigation Centre this morning to ascertain the exact cause; I have been told this will take at least two weeks. Charges to the veterinary Surgeon have been waived in this instance.


I will inform you immediately I receive a diagnosis.


26 June 1990


D SUMMERS DRVO


cc


Mr D R Williams, RVO


Mr A R Hunter, SVIO


90/06.26/10.1








full text ;










Thursday, January 17, 2013




FSA notified of two breaches of BSE testing regulations 14 January 2013











we know that horses, especially quarter horses and show horses are fed feed with high animal protein content, and it’s perfectly legal.




see ;




Nonprohibited Materials:





These feed materials CAN be fed to ruminants.


A. The following protein products derived from mammals, including ruminants, are exempt from the Ruminant Feed Ban rule and CAN be fed to ruminants:


Blood and blood products


Milk products (milk and milk protein)


Pure porcine (pork) protein


Pure equine (horse) protein


Gelatin Inspected meat products, such as plate waste, which have been cooked and offered for human food and further heat processed for animal feed.


snip... see full text ;








From: TSS


Subject: MAD COW/HORSE FEED BAN VIOLATIONS WARNING LETTER July 20, 2001 USA


Date: August 14, 2001 at 11:36 am PST


DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE


July 20, 2001


CERTIFIED MAIL RETURN RECEIPT REQUESTED


WARNING LETTER Ref. KAN 2001-028


Mr. Eric N. Blomkuist, CEO Farnam Companies, Inc. 301 W. Osborn P.O. Box 34820 Phoenix, AZ 85013


Dear Mr. Blomkuist:


An inspection of your Council Bluffs, Iowa facility that serves as a manufacturing/repackaging site for animal feed and as a distribution operation for animal drugs and feeds conducted on June 13-20, 2001 by an Investigator representing this office found significant deviations from the requirements set forth in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 589.2000 - Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed. This regulation is intended to prevent the establishment and amplification of Bovine Spongiform Encephalophathy (BSE) within the borders of the United States. Such deviations cause products being manufactured and/or distributed by your facility to be adulterated within the meaning of Section 402(a)(4) and misbranded within the meaning of Section 403(F) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act).


The inspection revealed the following:


There are no written procedures demonstrating the clean-out process used to prevent the cross- contamination of product. Your firm uses common equipment for product manufactured with prohibited material and for feed and/or drugs that are not.


Your firm distributes products that may contain prohibited material, specifically Flex Free, Equinyl, Generation and Max Flex, that are not labeled with the required cautionary statement "Do Not Feed to Cattle or Other Ruminants"


The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of violations. As a manufacturer of products intended for animal feed use you are responsible for assuring that your overall operation and the products you manufacture and distribute are in compliance with the law. At the conclusion of the inspection Form FDA483, List of Inspectional Observations was issued to Ronald G. Adler, Plant Manager identifying these and other deviations. A copy is enclosed for your information.


Our Investigator reported a telephone discussion with Mr. Barry G. Harrison who identified himself as the Corporate Counsel of the Farnam Companies, Inc. During this discussion Mr. Harrison, reportedly, claimed the products in question are exempt from the cautionary statement requirement. This claimed exemption is based on the fact the products are intended only for the equine market and your firm defines horses as pets. We cannot accept this claimed exemption because while some horses may be held as pets, horses are also working animals and in some parts of North America, food animals.


Based on our knowledge of working ranches, horse feed is often stored in the same general area as ruminant feed making a conspicuous cautionary statenmit vital on feeds and supplements, containing prohibited materials.


You should take prompt action to correct the above violations and to establish procedures whereby such violations do not recur. Failure to make immediate and lasting corrections may result in regulatory actions without further notice including but not limiting to product seizure and/or injunction.


You should respond, in writing, Within 15 working days of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law. Please include all the steps you plan to take, the timeframe for completing these actions and any documentation demonstrating the action's completion.


Your response should be directed to Ralph J. Gray, Compliance Officer at the above address.


Sincerely, Charles W. Sedgwick District Director Kansas City District Office


Cc: Mr. John C. Williams CEO, Manufacturing and Distribution Farnam Companies, Inc, 1302 Law Ross Road Council Bluffs, IA 51501









Subject: Re: MAD COW/HORSE FEED BAN VIOLATIONS WARNING LETTER July 20, 2001


Date: Tue, 14 Aug 2001 23:43:26 –0400


From: "Robert A. LaBudde"


Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy


To: BSE-L@uni-karlsruhe.de


######## Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #########


At 01:41 PM 8/14/01 -0700,


Terry wrote:


>DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE


> >July 20, 2001


> >Our Investigator reported a telephone discussion with Mr. Barry G.


>Harrison who identified himself as the Corporate Counsel of the Farnam


>Companies, Inc. During this discussion Mr. Harrison, reportedly, claimed


>the products in question are exempt from the cautionary statement


>requirement. This claimed exemption is based on the fact the products


>are intended only for the equine market and your firm defines horses as


>pets. We cannot accept this claimed exemption because while some horses


>may be held as pets, horses are also working animals and in some parts


>of North America, food animals.


> >Based on our knowledge of working ranches, horse feed is often stored in


>the same general area as ruminant feed making a conspicuous cautionary


>statenmit vital on feeds and supplements,


>containing prohibited materials.




Terry:


Perhaps you should pester FDA about this "loophole". Apparently, "pet food" does not have to bear the warning labels specified for food animals.


I can't see any serious objection to expanding the label requirement to ALL animal food, not just food animals.


Also, horses are "ruminants", so it's disturbing that they might escape the feed ban by being classified as "pets". Another good reason to extend the warning labels and regulation to all animal foods.


Perhaps you could submit a request for ruling to the FDA on this issue to propose amending the regulation to include all animal foods, including pet foods.




================================================================


Robert A. LaBudde, PhD, PAS, Dpl. ACAFS e-mail: ral@lcfltd.com Least Cost Formulations, Ltd. URL: http://lcfltd.com/ 824 Timberlake Drive Tel: 757-467-0954 Virginia Beach, VA 23464-3239 Fax: 757-467-2947


"Vere scire est per causas scire"




================================================================




Subject: Re: Horses & ruminants


Date: Wed, 15 Aug 2001 12:41:29 +0200


From: Roland Heynkes


Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy


To: BSE-L@uni-karlsruhe.de


######## Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #########


Dear Robert and Oz,


>> Also, horses are "ruminants", so it's disturbing that they


>> might escape the feed ban by being classified as "pets".


>> Another good reason to >extend the warning labels and


>> regulation to all animal foods.


> > Just a note that horses are NOT ruminants, as I am sure


> robert knows from the quotes.


> They are however herbivores.


> It's also worth noting problems with x-infection found


> in the EU.


> although horses are not ruminants, it is of course a very poor idea to exclude them from a feed ban. Unfortunately exactly this is the case even in Germany, where horses are still excluded from the ban, if they are not intended to become human food. As Oz mentioned, this opens an absolutely unnecessary possibility for cross contaminations. Of course I repeatedly informed the involved German politicians and authorities about this problem, but they are not interested.


This perfectly fits to the fact, that most German authorities are still not prepared to inform the public about the German BSE cases. If you are interested in some information about this cases, you have to visit private Internet sites. Instead most German authorities provide the public with down playing statements and links to meat industry and marketing agencies. Links to sites with scientific information about TSE safety problems are not allowed on this official sites. Official sites with useful information comparable with those that we all know from the UK, are not wanted in Germany.


This also perfectly fits to the fact, that it is at least in Germany well known since 5 days for those who are interested in such information, that Dr. Margit Herbst won the Whistleblower-Prize. You may be not surprised to learn, that this prize is from a scientific association, not from politics. She gets it, because she lost her job, just because she informed the public about the fact that her superiors were not prepared to run the necessary pathological examinations with more than 20 cattle, that she had found to show BSE symptoms between 1990 and 1994 in just one German abattoir. At that time this was the political signal for all German vets not to find any German BSE cases. And as you know, the Bavarian vets were not prepared to let my speak about German BSE risks even in May 2001.


I was interested to see, if any of the German members of this list would forward this good news about Dr. Margrit Herbst. In my opinion it is absolutely typical that this was not the case and that again I had to do this.


By the way, studying the British BSE statistics I found that the risk to become infected, was sharply declining from birth to the age of about 6 months and that for a given period of time the risk of infection was about 5-times as high for a calf in comparison to adult animals. It is therefore clear, that many cattle became infected only as adults. The detailed analysis will be on my site until the end of this week.


kind regards


Roland







Subject: Re: MAD COW/HORSE FEED BAN VIOLATIONS WARNING LETTER


July 20, 200 1 Date: Thu, 16 Aug 2001 13:52:58 –0400


From: "Cook, Nancy" Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy





######## Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #########


Robert, just wanted to comment on your request that the "Do not feed to Cattle or other Ruminants" statement be placed on all animal feeds. In 1997, we undertook a broad, five city survey to determine what effect that statement might have in the marketplace if it occurred on pet food labels.


Overwhelmingly, and in all locations, an immediate and severe effect was projected, not only into pet food, but into the Meat Counter as well, as people struggled with the idea that "if it's not good for ruminants (whatever they are?), why should I feed it to my pets, and oh, by the way, why should I eat beef at all if it's a problem?"


The Office of Management and Budget agreed with our findings and advised FDA that the labeling was not needed on pet food for retail sale or for laboratory animal feed. However, salvage products are required to bear the statement, since those products are often used for swine feed.


In most states, pets are classified as dogs and cats. Specialty pets are other caged and "aquariumed" critters. Horses and rabbits are classified as livestock.


Hope this is helpful.




Nancy K. Cook Pet Food Institute 2025 M Street, Suite 800 Washington, DC 20036 202-367-1120 202-367-2120 (fax)






Subject: Re: MAD COW/HORSE FEED BAN VIOLATIONS WARNING LETTER July 20, 2001


Date: Fri, 17 Aug 2001 14:37:50 –0700


From: "Terry S. Singeltary Sr."


Reply-To: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy


To: BSE-L@uni-karlsruhe.de References: 1


######## Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy #########


Greetings again List Members,


here is a bit of what was thought of pet foods and TSEs in the early days of the BSE Inquiry;


What is meat and other material from scrapie-infected sheep used for - does it include pet food and material for biological products?


Pet Food


As initial preclinical multiplication of the agent takes place in the spleen and other parts of the lympho-reticular system (LRS) there is obviously the possibility that scrapie infected material is used for pet food in addition to material from clinically affected sheep. Sheep spleens are used exclusively for pet foods and processed sheep heads are undoubtedly included.


Commercial canned pet food is subject to heat treatment. The following treatments are employed by . . .


[A table has been deleted here for commercial-in-confidence reasons.]




snip...









HISTORY F.O.I.A.




Saturday, August 29, 2009


FOIA REQUEST FEED RECALL 2009 Product may have contained prohibited materials Bulk Whole Barley, Recall # V-256-2009







Thursday, September 3, 2009


429,128 lbs. feed for ruminant animals may have been contaminated with prohibited material Recall # V-258-2009







Friday, September 4, 2009


FOIA REQUEST ON FEED RECALL PRODUCT 429,128 lbs. feed for ruminant animals may have been contaminated with prohibited material Recall # V-258-2009








Tuesday, November 3, 2009


re-FOIA REQUEST ON FEED RECALL PRODUCT contaminated with prohibited material Recall # V-258-2009 and Recall # V-256-2009








From: Terry S. Singeltary Sr. To: CVMHomeP@cvm.fda.gov Cc: FOIASTAFF@oig.usda.gov ; paffairs@oig.hhs.gov ; HHSTips@oig.hhs.gov ; phyllis.fong@oig.usda.gov


FOIA REQUEST ON FEED RECALL PRODUCT 429,128 lbs. feed for ruminant animals may have been contaminated with prohibited material Recall # V-258-2009


September 4, 2009


TO:


Food and Drug Administration


Division of Freedom of Information (HFI-35)


Office of Shared Services


Office of Public Information and Library Services


5600 Fishers Lane


Rockville, MD 20857


Or requests may be sent via fax to: fax number 301-443-1726 or 301-443-1719. If experience difficulty sending a fax, please call (301) 443-2414.


FROM:


Terry S. Singeltary Sr.


P.O. Box 42


Bacliff, Texas USA 77518


Greetings FDA FOIE, and the Honorable Phyllis Fong et al @ OIG FOIA,


ANOTHER FOIA REQUEST PLEASE !


PLEASE SEE FULL TEXT ;


Canine Spongiform Encephalopathy CSE TSE


>>> Is anybody even looking at the dogs..especially with CWD now so widespread? <<<


NA, na, na........they know what they will find, Canine Spongiform Encephalopathy, and it was documented, but then they decided not to push the issue anymore, they had enough mad cow disease in different species to deal with. so they screwed the brains up with dogs and deer in the UK. then we took a page or two from the UKs testing protocols and USDA screwed the brains up with cattle, again, and again, and again. then played the stupid card. ya can't fix stupid. ... TSS


Monday, March 8, 2010


Canine Spongiform Encephalopathy aka MAD DOG DISEASE


Greetings,


Another Big Myth about Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy, is that TSE will not transmit to dogs. This is simply NOT TRUE. IT is perfectly legal to feed dogs and cats here in the USA bovine meat and bone meal. Canine dementia is real. how many dogs and cats here in the USA are tested for mad cow disease ? I just received this F.O.I.A. request, and thought I would post it here with a follow up on MAD DOG DISEASE. This is a follow up with additional data I just received on a FOIA request in 2009 ;



see full text, and be sure to read the BSE Inquiry documents toward the bottom ;








Monday, March 8, 2010


UPDATE 429,128 lbs. feed for ruminant animals may have been contaminated with prohibited material Recall # V-258-2009









Monday, March 1, 2010


ANIMAL PROTEIN I.E. MAD COW FEED IN COMMERCE A REVIEW 2010








18. As it will probably be some months before the answer to No. 17 is known, what steps if any would it be prudent to take in the meantime in clinically affected animals covering a) meat, offal and meat products for human consumption, b) milk, c) material used in the preparation of biologicals and d) pet food?


snip...


Given the difficulties in abattoirs of identifying parts of a given carcass it may be prudent to condemn, for any use, the whole carcass of affected animals. This would seem to be politic given the possible fears from the public of the risk of consuming products from affected animals and therefore unfairly bring all animal products into disrepute.







6. Might there be a human risk from other animals, eg domestic pets?


If scrapie-infected sheep offal is the source of infection for cows, and similar material has gone into pet food, what is the chance of dogs/cats also being infected? Even if they do not show symptoms of disease (say because the incubation period is longer than the natural life span) might they still be infectious? Would there be any chance of transmission to humans through scratches or bites?






snip...see more here;





Thursday, January 5, 2012


Horse Meat, slaughter for consumption USA







Saturday, January 05, 2013


Immunohistochemical Detection of Disease- Associated Prion Protein in the Peripheral Nervous System in Experimental H-Type Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy







Saturday, December 15, 2012


Bovine spongiform encephalopathy: the effect of oral exposure dose on attack rate and incubation period in cattle -- an update 5 December 2012







2012 atypical L-type BSE BASE California reports


SUMMARY REPORT CALIFORNIA BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY CASE INVESTIGATION JULY 2012


Summary Report BSE 2012


Executive Summary







Saturday, August 4, 2012


Update from APHIS Regarding Release of the Final Report on the BSE Epidemiological Investigation







Saturday, August 4, 2012


*** Final Feed Investigation Summary - California BSE Case - July 2012








Friday, November 23, 2012


sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease update As at 5th November 2012 UK, USA, AND CANADA








Tuesday, June 26, 2012


Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease Human TSE report update North America, Canada, Mexico, and USDA PRION UNIT as of May 18, 2012


type determination pending Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease (tdpCJD), is on the rise in Canada and the USA








Monday, December 31, 2012


Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease and Human TSE Prion Disease in Washington State, 2006–2011-2012








Monday, January 14, 2013


Gambetti et al USA Prion Unit change another highly suspect USA mad cow victim to another fake name i.e. sporadic FFI at age 16 CJD Foundation goes along with this BSe








TSS

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